Traders need to know the jargon of the trading market. This glossary of trading terms and definitions helps them keep up with the markets and learn new trading strategies.

A sell trade is when you speculatively sell shares that you don’t own in your Demat account for profit. The opposite is a buy trade, which is when you buy shares for profit.


Sectors group companies together based on their primary lines of business. This allows investors and traders to compare companies with similar operational characteristics and market dynamics. It also helps identify trends and anticipate shifts.

For example, a company in the utilities sector is involved with the production of basic services like electricity and water. These businesses are heavily regulated and operate at a local level so there is little competition. They are considered defensive sectors and are more stable during economic downturns.

The consumer discretionary sector contains a wide range of brick-and-mortar and ecommerce retailers that sell goods or services that are not essential to life. These companies benefit from the growing middle class and a rising number of people with disposable income to spend on non-essentials.

Sectors can be traded using CFDs or spread bets, allowing you to speculate on the price movement of a basket of related stocks without taking ownership of the underlying shares. You can go long if you think the prices will rise and short if you expect them to fall.

Sector Rotation

Sector rotation is an investment strategy that involves shifting money from one stock market sector to another in order to take advantage of shifts in the economy. This can help reduce overall risk and maximize returns. Generally, investors will use a combination of technical and fundamental analysis to identify strong sectors. This includes studying economic factors, such as GDP growth, unemployment rates, and interest rates, to determine which sectors will perform well in the near future.

This strategy is based on the belief that different sectors of the economy tend to outperform at certain times during the business cycle. For example, if the economy is growing rapidly, companies that provide goods and services related to those developments may be more profitable than those that don’t. Likewise, as the economy slows down, stocks in sectors that are more sensitive to economic changes may struggle.

This can lead to a shift in the balance of power among investors, which can result in more buying or selling pressure in the market. Sector rotation can be a difficult strategy to implement, especially for day traders, and it is recommended that you follow a diversified portfolio approach with a long-term investment horizon.


In trading, sell refers to the liquidation of an asset in exchange for cash. The act of selling may result in a profit or a loss, and can have tax implications for the investor. Investors typically buy assets in the hope that their prices will rise, but they must also be prepared to sell them if they do not meet their expectations.

There are several different types of sell orders available to traders, including market sell and limit sell. Market sell orders execute at the prevailing market price, which may be slightly higher or lower than the bid price. Limit sell orders execute at your target price or better, so they are a good choice if you want to minimize your losses.

A common trading strategy is to “sell to close,” or close out a long position in the stock by selling shares they already own. This can help investors lock in profits and limit their losses. It can also help them avoid losing money if the stock’s price drops.


Buy is a word that can have several meanings in trading. For example, it can refer to a trader purchasing a financial instrument in order to make a profit from an upward movement in the price of that asset. It can also refer to a trader’s overall trading strategy.

Buying and selling are essential parts of the trading process. Traders can use various strategies to buy and sell, including trend following and momentum trading. They may also use a range of different trading instruments, including shares, commodities and currencies.

Traders can buy and sell using a variety of orders, such as limit and all-or-none. A buy order means that a trader wants to establish a long position, while a sell order means that a trader wants to close a short position.

Order Book

The order book is a real-time list of all outstanding buy and sell orders for a particular security or financial instrument. It enables traders to gauge market liquidity and sentiment. It also helps them identify potential support and resistance levels.

Orders in the book are sorted by their price and size, with buy orders on the left side of the screen and sell orders on the right. They are grouped by their respective colors (green for buy and red for sell). The top of the order book contains the best bid and ask prices, which are the lowest and highest possible prices a trader can pay or offer for an asset. The difference between the best bid and ask is called the spread.

Traders can place four types of orders in the order book: market orders, limit orders, stop orders, and trailing stops. Market orders get priority and are executed at the current market price, while limit and stop orders allow investors to control their execution price. These orders are not necessarily guaranteed to be filled, though.


In trading, positions refer to the status and size of a trade. They can be either long or short. Traders often take a position when they think an asset will increase in value. They can also make money when an asset’s price decreases. In both cases, traders must manage their risk to avoid large losses. There are chances that is best to consider what works for you like for prop trading firms for example.

A trading strategy that involves buying an asset when its price breaks above resistance and selling it when its price falls below support. This type of trading is usually done using technical analysis.

A net position is the difference between a trader’s open long and short positions in a given commodity. This number can be calculated by dividing the trader’s total long position by their total short one, and then multiplying by the number of contracts that are open. The term can also be used to refer to a specific grade or location of a commodity. For example, July at a discount to May refers to a futures contract with a higher delivery month than the lower.


Volatility is a measure of price fluctuations over a specified time. It can be positive or negative, and it is a critical factor in trading. In the case of stocks, high volatility can cause prices to fall, while low volatility can see them rise.

There are two main metrics that traders use to measure volatility: historical and implied. Historical volatility looks back at past performance, while implied volatility measures the market’s expectations for future movements.

While higher volatility can be unsettling, it can also present opportunities. For example, a stock that falls significantly offers investors the chance to buy it at a much lower price than they would have paid previously. This can help reduce the overall cost per share and improve the portfolio’s performance when markets rebound.


The term yield refers to income generated from an investment that is separate from its principal. This includes dividend payments on stocks and interest income from bonds. It is typically expressed as a percentage of an investment’s value.

There are several different types of yield, including trailing yield and yield to maturity. The formulas used to calculate them vary, but all yields use income in the numerator and cost or market value in the denominator. The term yield to maturity (YTM) is most often associated with bonds, since it describes the expected rate of return on a bond investment that includes both interest payments and the return of the bond principal at maturity.

Yield is a useful tool for investors to evaluate the performance of their investments. However, it’s important to distinguish between yield and return. A higher yield doesn’t necessarily indicate that an investment is safer or more profitable. For example, a stock’s yield may rise if its price declines. This is a type of yield known as a “yield trap,” and it can lead to an investment loss.